Part two. BASIC HUMAN AND CIVIL RIGHTS, FREEDOMS AND DUTIES

Chapter V. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 18. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have equal rights and freedoms, and shall be equal before law without discrimination by sex, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, convictions, individual and social status.
Any privileges may be granted solely by law and must conform to the principles of social justice.

Article 19. A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the state shall be bound by mutual rights and mutual responsibility. Citizens’ rights and freedoms, established by the Constitution and laws, shall be inalienable. No one shall have the right to deprive or limit them without a court.

Article 20. The exercising of rights and freedoms by a citizen must not encroach on the lawful interests, rights and freedoms of other persons, the state and society.

Chapter VI. CITIZENSHIP

Article 21. In the Republic of Uzbekistan, а uniform citizenship shall be established on the entire territory of the Republic.
Citizenship in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be equal for all regardless of the grounds of its acquisition.
A citizen of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be a citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The grounds and procedure for acquiring and forfeiting citizenship shall be defined by law.

Article 22. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall guarantee legal defence and protection to all its citizens both on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan and abroad.

Article 23. Foreign citizens and stateless persons, during their stay on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan, shall be guaranteed the rights and freedoms in accordance with the norms of the international law. They shall perform the duties established by the Constitution, laws and international agreements of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Chapter VII. PERSONAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

Article 24. The right to life is an inalienable right of every human being. Infringement against it shall be regarded as the gravest crime.

Article 25. Everyone shall have the right to freedom and inviolability of the person.
No one may be arrested or taken into custody except on lawful ground.

Article 26. Everyone, accused to perform a crime, shall be considered not guilty, so long as his guilt is not established by legal order, public legal proceeding when all possibilities, to protect him, are secured.
No one may be subject to torture, violence, other cruel or humiliating human dignity treatment.
No one may be subject to medical or scientific experiments without his consent.

Article 27. Everyone shall be entitled to protection against encroachments on his honour, dignity, interference in his private life, inviolability of his home.
No one shall have the right to enter a home, carry out a search or an examination, violate the privacy of correspondence and telephone conversations except for case and procedure prescribed by law.

Article 28. A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to freedom of movement on the territory of the Republic, as well as to free entry to and exit from it except for the events specified by law.

Article 29. Everyone shall be guaranteed freedom of thought, speech and convictions. Everyone shall have the right to seek, obtain and disseminate any information except that which is directed against the existing constitutional system and some other instances specified by law.
Freedom of opinions and their expression may be restricted by law if any state or other secret is involved.

Article 30. All state bodies, public associations and officials in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall allow citizens access to documents, resolutions and other materials relating to their rights and interests.

Article 31. Freedom of conscience shall be guaranteed to all. Everyone shall have the right to profess or not to profess any religion. A compulsory imposition of religion shall be impermissible.

Chapter VIII. POLITICAL RIGHTS

Article 32. Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to participate in the management of public and state affairs, both directly and through representatives. Such participation shall be exercised by way of self-administration, holding referendums and democratic formation of state bodies, as well as development and enhancement of public control over the activity of state bodies.
The procedure of implemeting of public control over the activities of state bodies shall be defined by law.

Article 33. Citizens shall have the right to engage in public life by holding rallies, meetings and demonstrations in accordance with legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The bodies of authority shall have the right to suspend or ban such undertakings exclusively on the grounds of security.

Article 34. Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to form trade unions, political parties and other public associations, and to participate in mass movements.
No one may infringe on the rights, freedoms and dignity of individuals constituting the minority opposition in political parties, public associations and mass movements, as well as in representative bodies of authority.

Article 35. Everyone shall have the right, both individually and collectively, to submit applications and proposals, and to lodge complaints with competent state bodies, institutions or public representatives.
Applications, proposals and complaints shall be considered in the procedure and within the time-limit specified by law.

Chapter IX. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RIGHTS

Article 36. Everyone shall have the right to own property.
The privacy of bank deposits and the right to inheritance shall be guaranteed by law.

Article 37. Everyone shall have the right to work, free choice of work, fair conditions of labour and protection against unemployment in the procedure specified by law.
Any forced labour shall be prohibited except for punishment under the sentence of a court or some other instances stipulated by law.

Article 38. Citizens, working on hire, shall be entitled to a paid rest. The number of working hours and paid labour leave shall be specified by law.

Article 39. Everyone shall have the right to social security in old age, in the event of disability and loss of the bread-winner, as well as in some other cases specified by law.
Pensions, allowances and other kinds of welfare may not be lower than the officially fixed minimum subsistence wage.

Article 40. Everyone shall have the right to skilled medical care.

Article 41. Everyone shall have the right to education.
The state shall guarantee free secondary education.
Schooling shall be under state supervision.

Article 42. Everyone shall be guaranteed the freedom of research and engineering work, the right to enjoy cultural benefits.
The state shall promote the cultural, scientific and technical development of the society.

Chapter X. GUARANTEES OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

Article 43. The state shall safeguard the rights and freedoms of citizens proclaimed by the Constitution and laws.

Article 44. Everyone shall be entitled to legally defend his rights and freedoms, and shall have the right to appeal any unlawful action of state bodies, officials and public associations.

Article 45. The rights of minors, the disabled and the single elderly shall be protected by the state.

Article 46. Women and men shall have equal rights.

Chapter XI. DUTIES OF CITIZENS

Article 47. All citizens shall perform the duties established by the Constitution.

Article 48. Citizens shall be obliged to observe the Constitution and laws, and to respect the rights, freedoms, honour and dignity of others.

Article 49. It is the duty of citizens to protect the historical, spiritual and cultural heritage of the people of Uzbekistan.
Cultural monuments shall be protected by the state.

Article 50. Citizens shall be obliged to protect the environment.

Article 51.Citizens shall be obliged to pay taxes and local fees prescribed by law.

Article 52. Defence of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the duty of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Citizens shall be obliged to perform military or alternative service in the procedure prescribed by law.

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Today: 15.12.2019
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